How to Invest in Real Estate in Spain with Guarantees

Investing in real estate in Spain is an attractive option for many foreign managers and investors. The country offers a favorable climate and socio-cultural conditions, making it a preferred destination for both tourism and retirement. Additionally, the real estate market in Spain is robust, with home sales showing an upward trend in all Autonomous Communities. In July 2021 alone, home sales grew by 22.9%, with the price per square meter increasing by an average of 2.2% (Reference Article 1).

If you’re considering investing in real estate in Spain, it’s crucial to have a solid understanding of real estate law to ensure the success and profitability of your investment. While it’s advisable to engage a law firm that specializes in real estate to provide legal certainty and optimize your investment’s profitability, there are key factors you should consider before making your investment (Reference Article 1).

Why Invest in Real Estate in Spain?

There are several compelling reasons to invest in real estate in Spain. Firstly, the country’s favorable climate and socio-cultural conditions make it an attractive destination for both tourists and retirees. Additionally, the real estate market in Spain is strong, with consistent growth in home sales and property prices (Reference Article 1).

Investing in real estate in Spain also offers the opportunity to access the investor visa or Golden Visa. This residency and work permit provides excellent mobility and work advantages within the European Union, making it particularly appealing to non-EU citizens (Reference Article 1).

Overall, real estate investment in Spain offers great profitability and associated benefits, whether for personal enjoyment, family use, or as a means to generate a return on investment (Reference Article 1).

Factors to Consider Before Investing in Real Estate in Spain

Before making your real estate investment in Spain, there are several key factors to consider to ensure a successful and profitable venture (Reference Article 1).

Property Portfolio Profitability

Firstly, it’s important to determine how you plan to make your property portfolio profitable. Traditionally, property sales and rentals have been the most common options. However, there are now alternative options such as cohousing, crowdfunding, or offering the property as tourist accommodation. Understanding the various options and their potential profitability is crucial in making an informed investment decision (Reference Article 1).

Legal Form of the Investment

Once you’ve determined how you’ll make your investment profitable, it’s necessary to decide on the legal form under which you’ll carry out the investment. While it’s possible to carry out these operations as an individual, it’s common to establish a company or cooperative, particularly for larger-scale investments. Choosing the appropriate legal form will depend on various factors, including tax implications and risk management (Reference Article 1).

Tax Implications

Understanding the applicable tax regime is essential in any real estate investment. The tax regime will vary depending on the form of exploitation chosen. It’s important to be aware of the taxes that the property will be subject to, such as VAT, property transfer tax, IBI (Real Estate Tax), and capital gains tax. Proper tax planning can contribute to tax savings and overall profitability of the investment (Reference Article 1).

Regulations Applicable to Sales and Leases

It’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the regulations applicable to sales and leases in Spain. While some rules may be similar to those in other countries, there may be variations that you need to be aware of. Understanding the regulations will ensure compliance and help you avoid any legal issues that may arise (Reference Article 1).

Forms of Exploitation in Real Estate Investment in Spain

While traditional forms of real estate investment, such as property sales and rentals, are solidly regulated in Spain, there are other forms of exploitation that may require further legal study (Reference Article 1).

Cohousing and Crowdfunding

Cohousing and crowdfunding are growing trends in real estate investment but require careful legal consideration. These forms of exploitation may have specific legal requirements and considerations that need to be thoroughly assessed before proceeding with the investment (Reference Article 1).

Tourist Rental

Tourist rental, particularly through platforms like Airbnb, is currently undergoing legislative review due to its impact on rental prices and availability. It’s essential to stay updated on the regulations surrounding tourist rentals and ensure compliance with any legal requirements (Reference Article 1).

Given the potential complexities and legal considerations in these alternative forms of real estate exploitation, it’s advisable to consult with a Spanish lawyer who specializes in real estate before embarking on such investments (Reference Article 1).

Recommended Legal Form for Real Estate Investment

Consulting with a specialist real estate lawyer is crucial to determine the most appropriate legal form for your real estate investment. While it is possible to invest as a private individual, certain legal forms, such as equity companies, may offer advantages in terms of tax optimization, management, and transmission of the real estate portfolio. Centralizing your real estate investments within a legal entity can help isolate risks and facilitate management and transferability (Reference Article 1).

Tax Regime in Real Estate Exploitation

Understanding the tax implications of real estate exploitation is vital for a successful investment. Depending on the chosen form of exploitation, different taxes may apply. For example, property sales may be subject to VAT or the Tax on Patrimonial Transmissions, while rental income may be subject to personal income tax or non-resident income tax. It’s important to be aware of the applicable taxes and plan accordingly to optimize your investment’s profitability (Reference Article 1).

Regulations Applicable to Sales and Leases

Familiarizing yourself with the regulations and customs applicable to sales and leases is crucial to ensure compliance and avoid potential legal issues. Understanding the contractual and legal obligations of both buyers and sellers, as well as the termination conditions of leases, will help you navigate the real estate market in Spain (Reference Article 1).


Investing in real estate in Spain offers great potential for profitability and associated benefits. Understanding the key factors and legal considerations before making your investment is crucial to ensure success. Whether you choose active or passive real estate investment, consulting with a specialist real estate lawyer can provide you with the necessary legal certainty and optimize your investment’s profitability. With the right knowledge and guidance, investing in real estate in Spain can be a rewarding and lucrative venture (Reference Article 1).

Remember to conduct thorough research, consult with professionals, and assess your own financial goals and risk tolerance before making any investment decisions. Investing in real estate can be a long-term commitment, and it’s important to approach it with careful consideration and due diligence.

By following these guidelines and considering the specific details of your investment, you can confidently embark on your real estate journey in Spain. Good luck!

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